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HomeBlogWhat is Chronic Periodontitis: Causes, Characteristics, and Treatment

What is Chronic Periodontitis: Causes, Characteristics, and Treatment

Chronic periodontitis is a gum disease that worsens over time. Most people with periodontitis have this type, and it gets worse over time. Researchers found that it is a viral disease, that swells the muscles that support teeth. This leads to attachment loss and bone loss.

What is Chronic periodontitis?

Chronic periodontitis differs from other gum disease types in a few ways. These include plaque buildup, gum disease, and the loss of tooth bone and connections that happen afterward. Things in the area are essential. Some of these are calculus, inadequate mouth care, and teeth that aren’t in the right place. Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, A. actinomycetemcomitans, and Eikenella corrodens are some of the bacteria present as microbial factors. Things that hurt the body as a whole can also cause the disease. These include smoking, diabetes, a bad diet, genetics, and immune systems that don’t work well (like HIV).

Signs and symptoms:

People with severe periodontitis will show several different signs and symptoms. The gums will bleed when you eat or brush. Your teeth will move around, you may lose teeth, and you may feel pain from time to time. These are all signs of periodontal disease. The disease doesn’t hurt most of the time, but sometimes dull pain in the area moves to the mouth.

In Chronic Periodontitis your gums will swell a little to a lot, turn a light red to pink color, and feel soft or hard. Gingival edges that are rounded or rolled, papillae that are flattened or cratered, teeth that can move, involvement of furcations, sudden gingival bleeding, and changing pocket levels both above and below the bone are some other signs.

What are the Types of Chronic Periodontitis?

There are different types of chronic periodontitis based. It is based on where it shows up, how bad it is, and how quickly it gets worse. When less than 30% of spots in the mouth show tooth loss and bone loss, it is called localized Periodontitis. It is called “generalized” when it affects more than 30% of places. The level of intensity is marked as low, high, or severe. It depends on how bad the clinical attachment loss (CAL) is. 

Features of the X-rays and the clinical diagnosis:

At first, the dentist prescribes a Radiograph to see the quality and extent of bone loss. There are different kinds of bone loss, like horizontal bone loss connected to supra-bony pockets and vertical bone loss related to intra-bony pockets. 

How to treat Chronic periodontitis :

There are several different ways to effectively treat chronic periodontitis. As part of non-surgical treatment, scaling, and root planing treatment are the first priority. Antibiotic therapy, better oral health, and getting rid of things that cause plaque to build up. In surgery, you can eliminate gaps with guided tissue renewal, regeneration therapy with bone replacement patches, or a mix. Several types of corrective surgery, such as flaps with or without osseous surgery and gingivectomy, may fix the issue.

If you have mild to moderate periodontitis, the future is generally reasonable. This is especially true if you take good care of your mouth and remove things that hold plaque in the area. But the future may change from good to bad for people who have more major disease signs, like people with multiple fractures or not taking care of their teeth as prescribed. The best ways to treat chronic periodontitis are to find it early, fully understand the factors that cause it, and use personalized treatment plans. How long this common gum disease lasts depends on how well you care for your teeth and gums and how often you go to the doctor.


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